© 2004 Ralf Leenen 

THE SOUND OF THE EMBERGHER MANDOLIN

RECORDINGS ON EMBERGHER INSTRUMENTS
by Ralf Leenen and the Royal Estudiantina La Napolitaine

(for better sound quality, it is advised to listen through headphones)
The history of the Embergher workshop, pictures and full details of their instruments can be found in the book:
"The Embergher Mandolin" by Ralf Leenen and Barry Pratt.

 

Alphabetical index:

BACH, J. S.
- Fuga, BWV 855
- Die Kunst der Fuge, Contrapunctus IX, BWV1080

BOTTESINI, G.
-
NEW!Passione Amorosa (arr.: V. Kioulaphides) (Video)

CALACE, R.
-
I° Concerto, opus 113 (fragments)
NEW!- Danza dei Nani (Video)
-
Moto Perpetuo
-
Pavana, opus 54 (fragment)
-
Preludio I, (Video)
- Preludio X, opus 112

CALACE, R - LEENEN, R.
-
Moto Perpetuo

CECERE, C.
-
NEW!Concerto in La Maggiore
*
Allegro ma non presto (Video)
*
Largo (Video)
*
Grazioso (Video)

DELIBES, L.
- Coppélia, ouverture (fragment)


DE VLEESHOUWER, A.
NEW!- De Droom van Houten Clara

DOWLAND, J.
-
The Earl of Essex Galliard

GAL, H.
-
Capriccio
-
NEW!Capriccio (Video)

GERVASIO, G. B.
-
Duo in C major

GRUBER, F. X.
-
Stille Nacht, Heilige Nacht / Silent Night, Holy Night

HANDEL, G. F.
-
Suite in d minor, HVW437

KIOULAPHIDES, V.
de Grote Markt
El Malecón (Video)
Variations on a Basque Melody
Quartetto Classico N° 3 "Manhattan"

KUWAHARA, Y.
-
The Song of the Japanese Autumn (fragment)

 

MARKS J.
-
Rudolph the Red-nosed Reindeer

LECLAIR, J.-M.
-
Sonata in e minor, opus 3 N°5

LEDUC, E.
-
Troika Fantasie

LEENEN, R.
-
NEW!Suite per Mandolino solo (2000)
*
I. Preludio (Video)
*
II. Presto (Video)
* III. Larghetto
* IV. Finale: Allegro Giocoso

MENDELSSOHN, F.
-
First String Quartet, Canzonetta

MOZART, W. A.
-
Rondó alla turca, KV331

PURCELL, H
Rondeau from Abdelazer, Z570 
-
Triosonate in C major, Z795

RANIERI, S.
-
NEW!Valse Caprice (Video)

REICHENBACH, M.
-
Linstead Market

SARTORI, G.
-
Dolce Visione (Video)

SCARLATTI, D.
- Sonata in  D minore, K. 9
- Sonata in  G minore, K. 35

SCONTRINO, A.
-
Minuetto

VIVALDI, A.
-
Concerto in D major, opus 7 N°11, RV208a
-
Concerto in a minor, opus 3 N°6, RV356

 

 

 

 

 

Recordings on Embergher instruments by Ralf Leenen
(for better sound quality, it is advised to listen through headphones)

CONCERTO IN A MINOR, Opus 3 N°6 (RV 356)  (A. Vivaldi )

for mandolin, strings and basso continuo

- mandolin solo:  Embergher N°4-1906 (Goldfuchs Strings)

Recorded: 09/1998

 

All tracks and instruments of the following recordings are played by Ralf Leenen.

 

MINUETTO (Antonio Scontrino - arr. by Silvio Ranieri)  

- mandolin 1&2: Embergher N°4-1906 (Goldfuchs strings)

- mandola 1&2: Embergher N°2-1904 (Goldfuchs Strings)

- Guitar: René De Bondt 1989

Recorded: 10/07/1994

 

DUO (G. B. Gervasio)

- mandolin 1&2: Embergher N°4-1906 

(new set Embergher strings of the 1920s)

Recorded: 22/07/1994

 

FUGA BWV855 (J. S. Bach - arr. Ralf Leenen)    (pitch: a'=415Hz)

- mandolin: Embergher N°6-1958 (Goldfuchs Strings)

- mandola: Embergher N°2-1904 (Goldfuchs Strings)

Recorded: 07/2000

 

SUITE N°4 IN D MINOR - (HVW 437) (G. F. Händel - arr. K. Wölki/R. Leenen)

1. Allemande - 2. Courante - 3. Sarabande & variations - 4. Gigue

 

- mandolin 1&2: Embergher N°4-1906 (Goldfuchs strings)
- mandola:  Embergher N°2-1904 (Goldfuchs Strings)

- mandoloncello: Theophano c.1920  (Goldfuchs Strings)

Recorded: 09/1998

 

TRIOSONATE IN C MAJOR  (Z795) (H. Purcell)

Canon by twofold augmentation in the 5th and 8th above
Canzona - Largo - Allegro

- mandolin 1&2: Embergher N°7-1900 (Strings by Barry Pratt)

- mandoloncello: Embergher N°1-1906 (Lenzner Strings)

Recorded: 2003

 

LINSTEAD MARKET (arrangement for mandolin solo by Michael Reichenbach)
(More recordings and music by M. Reichenbach can be found on the arranger's
website

- mandolin: Embergher N°5bis-1947 (Strings by Barry Pratt)

Recorded: 20/03/2006

 

CONTRAPUNCTUS IX a 4 alla Duodecima (Die Kunst der Fuge, BWV1080) (J. S. Bach)

- mandolin1: Embergher N°5bis-1947 (Strings by Barry Pratt)

- mandolin2: Embergher N°5-1926 (Strings by Barry Pratt)
- mandola: Embergher N°1-1925 (Dogal Carbon Steel Strings)
- mandoloncello: Embergher N°1-1906 (Lenzner Strings)

Recorded: 03/04/2006

 

SONATA IN E MINOR, Opus 3 N°5 (J.-M. Leclair)

I. Allegro ma poco

II. Gavotte (Andante grazioso)

III. Presto

- mandolin 1&2: Embergher N°5bis-1925 (Dogal Carbon Steel light strings)
Recorded: 08/04/2006

 

RONDÓ ALLA TURCA (KV331) (W. A. Mozart - arr.: R. Leenen)
- mandolin: Embergher N°5bis-1925 (Optima Goldin strings)

- mandola 1,2&3: Embergher N°1-1925 (Dogal Carbon Steel Strings)

- mandoloncello: Embergher N°1-1906 (Lenzner Strings)

Recorded: 16/04/2006

 

TROIKA FANTASIE (Ernest Leduc)
- mandolin 1: 2 x Embergher N°5bis-1925 (Optima Goldin strings)

- mandolin 2: 2 x Embergher N°5bis-1925 (Optima Goldin strings)

- mandola: 2 x  Embergher N°1-1925 (Dogal Carbon Steel Strings)

- guitar: René De Bondt 1989
Recorded: 21/04/2006

 

VARIATIONS ON A BASQUE MELODY (Victor Kioulaphides)
(original composition for mandolin solo.)
Click here to visit the homepage of Victor Kioulaphides and find more information about this composer and his works for mandolin. 

- mandolin: Embergher N°5bis-1947 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)

Recorded: 03/05/2006 

 

DE GROTE MARKT (Victor Kioulaphides)
(original composition for mandolin solo.)
Click here to visit the homepage of Victor Kioulaphides and find more information about this composer and his works for mandolin. 

- mandolin: Embergher N°6-1958 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)

Recorded: 06/05/2006 

 

RONDEAU from ABDELAZER (Z570) (Henry Purcell)

- mandolin 1&2: Embergher type A-1958 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)

- mandola: Embergher N°1-1925 (Dogal carbonsteel strings)

- mandoloncello: Embergher N°1-1906 (Lenzner strings)

Recorded: 11/05/2006

 

PRELUDIO X - opus 112 (Raffaele Calace)
(Calace dedicated this prelude to the Belgian mandolin virtuoso and former soloist of La Napolitaine: Frans De Groodt)

- mandolin: Embergher model N°5-1926 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)

Recorded: 13/05/2006

 

  THE EARL OF ESSEX GALIARD (John Dowland)
- cantus: mandolin 1: Embergher N°5-1926 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)
- altus: mandolin 2: Embergher N°5-1926 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)
- tenor: mandola 1: Embergher N°1-1925 (Dogal Carbonsteel strings)
- quintus: mandola 2: Embergher N°1-1925 (Dogal Carbonsteel strings)
- bassus: mandoloncello: Embergher N°1-1906 (Lenzner strings)
Recorded: 02/06/2006

 

QUARTETTO CLASSICO N° 3 "MANHATTAN" (Victor Kioulaphides)
(original composition for mandolin quartet.)
Click here to visit the homepage of Victor Kioulaphides and find more information about this composer and his works for mandolin. 

I. "Times Square"

II. "Central Park"

III. "Tugboat on the Hudson"

IV. "Grand Central"

Recorded: 18/06/2006

 

SONATA IN D MINORE, K. 9 (Domenico Scarlatti - arr.: R. Leenen)

- mandolin1&2: Embergher N°5bis-1922 (Strings by Barry Pratt)

- mandola: Embergher N°1-1925 (Dogal Carbon Steel Strings)
- mandoloncello: Embergher N°1-1906 (Lenzner Strings)

Recorded: 05/07/2006

 

SONATA IN G MINORE, K. 35 (Domenico Scarlatti - arr.: R. Leenen)

- mandolin: Embergher type A -1958 (Strings by Barry Pratt)

- mandoloncello: Embergher N°1-1906 (Lenzner Strings)

Recorded: 05/07/2006

 

RUDOLPH, THE RED-NOSED REINDEER (Johnny Marks)

- mandolin1&2: Embergher model N°5bis-1925 (Strings by Barry Pratt)

- mandola: Embergher N°1-1925 (Fisoma Strings)
- mandoloncello: Embergher N°1-1906 (Lenzner Strings)

Recorded: 22/12/2006

 

STILLE NACHT, HEILIGE NACHT (Franz Xaver Gruber -
arranged for solo mandolin in "duo style" by Jim Dalton)

(Please click here to visit the arranger's website.)

- mandolin: Embergher N°5bis-1925 (Strings by Barry Pratt)

Recorded: 23/12/2006

 

PRELUDIO I (Raffaele Calace)
- mandolin: Embergher N°5-1926 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)

Recorded: 22/04/2005
(Click here for an MP3 stereo simulation)

 

EL MALECÓN (Victor Kioulaphides)
(original composition for mandolin solo.)
Click here to visit the homepage of Victor Kioulaphides and find more information about this composer and his works for mandolin. 
- mandolin: Embergher N°5bis-1947 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)

Recorded: 20/01/2007
(Click here for an MP3 stereo version)

 

 

SUITE PER MANDOLINO SOLO (Ralf Leenen)
I. PRELUDIO

Mandolinists who are interested in playing and/or performing this Suite:
please click
here

- mandolin: Embergher N°5bis-1947 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)
Recorded: 27/02/2007

(Click here for an MP3 stereo version)

 

SUITE PER MANDOLINO SOLO (Ralf Leenen)
II. PRESTO

Mandolinists who are interested in playing and/or performing this Suite:
please click
here

- mandolin: Embergher N°5bis-1925 (Strings handmade by Barry Pratt)
Recorded: 03/03/2007
(Click here for an MP3 stereo version)

 

MOTO PERPETUO  for 2 solo mandolins (R. Calace - R. Leenen)
2 mandolins:

- Oleg Videnov plays the original solo part of "Moto Perpetuo" (composed by Raffaele Calace)
- Ralf Leenen plays the 2nd "Moto Perpetuo" solo part (composed by Ralf Leenen)

Recorded: 04/03/2007

 

DANZA DEI NANI opus 43 (R. Calace)
Live recording during concert at the Palazzo Roverello (Ferrara, Italy)

- Ralf Leenen, mandolin (Embergher 5bis 1947)
- Elisa Franco,
piano

Recorded: 06/04/2007

 

to be continued...

 

 

 

All recordings are played on traditional round wound strings which give the original bright sound of the mandolin. The plectrums used are the large 'Roman' model, as used by Silvio Ranieri.

(click image to enlarge)

How to hold the mandolin and plectrum?
 
(Method of Silvio Ranieri)

 

 

Recordings on Embergher instruments by Ralf Leenen 

and the Royal Estudiantina La Napolitaine  (www.mandolin.be) 

 

MOTO PERPETUO  (R. Calace - arr. R. Leenen)

mandolin solo:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°5b-1947 (Goldfuchs strings)

orchestra:

- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Lenzner strings)

- Jos Peeters: Embergher mandoloncello N°1-1928 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Theophano mandoloncello c.1920 (Lenzner strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B. Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: Kolveniershof - Rubenianum, Antwerp,  23/06/2001.

 

CONCERTO IN D MAJOR, Opus 7 N°11 (RV208a)  (A. Vivaldi - arr. R. Leenen)

I. Allegro

II. Adagio

III. Allegro

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

mandolin solo:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°7-1900 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)

orchestra:

- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandoliola N°1-1930 (Lenzner strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Theophano mandoloncello c.1920 (Lenzner strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B.  Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert:  Hof van Liere, Antwerp,  01/07/2004

 

CANZONETTA from the 1st String Quartet   (F. Mendelssohn - arr. Silvio Ranieri)

orchestra:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°7-1900 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)

- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Lenzner strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Theophano mandoloncello c.1920 (Lenzner strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B.  Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert:  Hof van Liere, Antwerp,  01/07/2004

COPPELIA - Ouverture (L. Délibes - arr. Silvio Ranieri)
(Fragment - full version available on our CD: "Primo Concerto")

orchestra:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°6-1958 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)

- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Lenzner strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Theophano mandoloncello c.1920 (Lenzner strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B. Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: "Plectro Rioja 2005", church of Villamediana, 25/08/2005.

PAVANA  opus 54  (R. Calace)
(Fragment - full version available on our CD: "Primo Concerto")

orchestra:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°6-1958 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)

- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Lenzner strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Theophano mandoloncello c.1920 (Lenzner strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B.  Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: "Plectro Rioja 2005", church of Villamediana, 25/08/2005.

THE SONG OF THE JAPANESE AUTUM  (Y.Kuwahara)
(Fragment - full version available on our CD: "Primo Concerto")

orchestra:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°6-1958 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)

- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Lenzner strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Theophano mandoloncello c.1920 (Lenzner strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B.  Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: "Plectro Rioja 2005", church of Villamediana, 25/08/2005.

I° CONCERTO per mandolino solo e orchestra, opus 113  (R. Calace - arr. Ralf Leenen)
(Fragments - full version available on our CD:
"Primo Concerto")
I. Marziale
II.  Largo Tranquillo
III.  Rondó 


 

mandolin solo:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°6-1958 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)

orchestra:

- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Lenzner strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Theophano mandoloncello c.1920 (Lenzner strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B. Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: "Plectro Rioja 2005", church of Villamediana, 25/08/2005.

CAPRICCIO  (H. Gál)
(also available on our CD:
"Primo Concerto")
orchestra:
- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°6-1958 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)
- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954
- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Goldfuchs strings)
- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Lenzner strings)
- Florentina Claessen: Theophano mandoloncello c.1920 (Lenzner strings)
- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 
- Roland Timmerman:  B.  Lang double bass 1969
Live recording during concert: "Plectro Rioja 2005", church of Villamediana, 25/08/2005.

DE DROOM VAN HOUTEN CLARA (A. De Vleeshouwer - arr. R. Leenen)
orchestra:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°7-1900 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)

- Barry Pratt: Embergher mandolin N°6-1958 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954 (Fisoma strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Fisoma strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Embergher mandoloncello N°1-1909 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B.  Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: "O.L.V. kapel - Centrum't Elzenveld", Antwerp, 11/11/2006.

 

DOLCE VISIONE (G. Sartori)
orchestra:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°5bis-1947 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)
- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954 (Optima 2105 Strings)

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Galli strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Fisoma 3120 strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Embergher mandoloncello N°1-1909 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B. Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: Antwerpen (Deurne), 11/05/2007.

 

PASSIONE AMOROSA (G. Bottesini)

Arranged by Victor Kioulaphides for 2 mandolins and guitar
This music is published by
Trekel

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandola N°1-1925 (Fisoma 3120 strings)
- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola model N°1-1922 (Fisoma 3120 strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

Live recording during concert: Antwerpen (Deurne), 11/05/2007.

 

VALSE CAPRICE (S. Ranieri)

World première of this unpublished work for mandolin and guitar.

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°5bis-1947 (Strings by Barry Pratt)
- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

Live recording during concert: Antwerpen (Deurne), 11/05/2007.

 

CONCERTO IN LA MAGGIORE (C. Cecere)

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°5bis-1947 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)
orchestra
:

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandolin N°5bis-1947 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)
- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954 (Optima 2105 Strings)

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Galli strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Embergher mandoloncello N°1-1909 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B. Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: Antwerpen (Deurne), 11/05/2007.
1. "Allegro ma non troppo"

2. "Largo"

3.
"Grazioso"

 

CAPRICCIO (H. Gál)
orchestra:

- Ralf Leenen: Embergher mandolin N°5bis-1947 (Strings made by Barry Pratt)
- Guy Lemière: Embergher mandolin N°6-1954 (Optima 2105 Strings)

- Carl Cappelle: Embergher mandolin N°1-1925 (Galli strings)

- Filip Lemière:  Embergher mandola N°1-1922 (Fisoma 3120 strings)

- Florentina Claessen: Embergher mandoloncello N°1-1909 (Goldfuchs strings)

- Yvonne Azaert: J. Ramirez III guitar 1976 

- Roland Timmerman:  B. Lang double bass 1969

Live recording during concert: Antwerpen (Deurne), 11/05/2007.

 

 

 

Design of the ROMAN PLECTRUM
model Embergher-Ranieri
The thickness of these plectrums, originally made of tortoiseshell, can vary between c. 0,8mm - 1,8mm (0.031" - 0.071"), depending on the instrument (mandolin, mandola, ...) and the preference of the player. However, the thickest point of the plectrum should be in the middle. On both sides, the surface of the plectrum is to be rounded towards the edges in order to make a thin edge all around, and two points. These plectrums are more difficult to play with, but after enough practising, using the correct technique, the result is a more rich and full yet clear sound and a much better balanced tremolo, enabled by the plectrum's shape and length (c. 65mm (2.56") when new).

(click image to enlarge)

Silvio Ranieri
with an Embergher model N° 5b, 1915,
holding a Roman Plectrum (see detail)

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© 2004 Ralf Leenen
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